Angular vs. React vs. Vue (Part V: Form Validation)

Taking user input using a form is a standard feature in a single page application. In this article, I’m comparing how client-side form validation can be implemented in Angular (version 6.0.3), React (version 16.4.1), and Vue (version 2.5.16).

I’ve created a simple form with the following fields and the associated validations.

Field Name Validations
Name Required
Phone Must be in a specific format: XXX-XXX-XXXX
Username Must not be registered before (the actual validation is done on a remote server)
Password No validations
Confirm Password Must match Password field
Form

Form with client-side validation

Sample Code

Angular

Angular comes with FormsModule which provides the framework to validate your form. When you add the directive NgForm to your form, the state of the controls within the form is tracked which allows invoking the validation process at the right moment. When a control enforce multiple validation rules, the specific violated rules are also tracked.

State Description
Touched Whether the control has been visited.
Changed Whether the control’s value has changed
Valid Whether the control’s value is valid.

Angular not only provides several built-in validators, but it also provides the framework to create a custom validator. This custom validator is implemented as a directive and the new validation rule can be added to a control by adding its selector to that control. When validation involves two controls (such as comparing the values in two controls), the custom validator directive (in this case, PasswordConfirmedValidatorDirective) must be applied on the form element. I’ve got more intuitive way in mind (as implemented in React and Vue app) to do it, but that’s what the documentation suggests.

React

React doesn’t come with any form validation feature. Its documentation doesn’t provide recommendation for third-party validation libraries either.

When I was looking for a React validation library, I found several libraries with different paradigms. Based on your programming experience, one paradigm will feel more intuitive than the other. I decided to use React Advanced Form to enable form validation on this app. I also installed the companion library react-advanced-form-addons which provides form controls with support to display validation errors.

Vue

Vue doesn’t provide a built-in form validation library, but its documentation provides an example how to do it by hand. It also lists a couple third-party validation libraries. I use Veevalidate for this Vue app. VeeValidate ships with a lot of built-in validation rules, including one that you can use to make sure a user enters new password correctly.


The form validation functionality provided by Angular is a good start toward a complete validation framework customized to your app. I also like the reusability of an Angular directive, but the boilerplate code adds so much noise.

Phone number validator. (Left to right: Angular, React, Vue)

Phone number validator. (Left to right: Angular, React, Vue)

To start from a scratch, React and Vue needs implementation of events (such as touched, changed, and valid) and only then we can implement the actual validation process. Finding a thirdy-party validation library may not be easy even when there are plenty of options. One solution seems more intuitive than then others and it feels like it’s better to pick the most basic one which can be used as a foundation.

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